the 20th July 1969 man accomplished its highest achievement in
space exploration. Landing a
manned craft on the surface of the moon.
The first mission to the moon to take Humans to another spatial
body was Apollo 11, which was manned by three astronauts, Neil Armstrong,
Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin and Michael Collins.
At roughly 4:14pm Apollo 11 touched down on the surface of the
Moon, landing in an area called “Mere Tranquilitatis
- The Sea Of Tranquillity.” On
landing Neil Armstrong contacted mission control with the message “The Eagle has landed.”
After 2 hours on the surface of the moon, Neil Armstrong emerged
from the space craft to set foot on the moon for the first time, this was
when those famous words were said: -
small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”
Armstrong is only 1 out of 12 other astronauts who have shared this unique
experience. At all times
there was another astronaut who stayed in the Lunar Module throughout the
duration of each mission.
any sort of experiments were carried out Neil Armstrong deployed the
American National Flag on the surface and unveiled a plaque on the Lunar
Men From Planet Earth First Set Foot Upon the Moon. July 1969 AD We Came
In Peace for All Mankind.”
various experiments were carried out, the Astronauts had spent a total of
21.6 hours on the surface of the moon and had some gathered 20 kilograms
of material, to take back to Earth for study.
It was on July 24 that the three men re-entered the Earth’s
atmosphere and landed back on Earth.
other Apollo missions have followed since Apollo 11.
12 - 14th November
13 - 11th April 1970,
This ill-fated mission had to be aborted due to a malfunction.
14 - 31st January1971
15 - 26th July 1971
16 - 16th April 1972
17 - 7th December 1972
had been planned for Apollo 18, 19 & 20, but these had to be cancelled
due to the sudden and surprising cut-back in NASA’s budget.
nearly 25 years of no space exploration involving the moon, The Clementine
Orbiter was launched in 1994 to produce detailed maps of the moons surface
so preparations can begin to attempt to build a structure on the moon.
In September 1997 the Lunar Prospector was launched to study the
polar ice deposits and the moons gravity fields.
the moon landings faked?
the first moon landing in 1969 sceptics have made themselves to be known.
They don’t believe that the moon landings ever took place and
that its all been faked by NASA and the American Government.
Throughout this assignment I will produce opinions of why people
think that the moon landings have been faked.
By the end of the assignment I will leave it open for you to draw
your own conclusions on the material I have gathered.
of the photographs issued by NASA have been analysed by experts for their
authenticity in some way or form. From
the conclusion of the analysis process a lot of these images seem to have
been doctored by NASA or another external source to show what they (NASA?)
want us to see or believe.
IMAGE 1 - CONTROL
image shows how shadows appear on the Earth’s surface.
Because the sun is 93,000,000 miles away shadow lines are parallel.
Looking at the tree trunks it is hard to make out any detail, this
is because the light is coming from behind.
The brighter light makes it hard for the shadowed part to be seen.
Bear these two points in mind and draw your own conclusions when
looking at the other images.
at the picture the shadows lines are not parallel as we would expect them
to be, after all the moon is not close enough to the Sun to make any
difference in the way shadows behave.
The image shows shadows falling in two directions.
The shadow of the rock point’s south east, the shadow of the
Lunar Module points east. Has
the light source for this image come from the sun?
this image the shadows are all over the place.
The astronaut and the moon buggy shadows are falling in the same
direction. Yet the surface
rock shadows seem to be falling south-westerly.
image is one of the original television broadcasts.
Why does one astronauts shadow look to be longer and fall in a
different direction to the other astronaut?
are just a few examples of the inconsistency in the way that shadows fall.
If NASA or another body have altered the images surely they would
have made sure that the shadows all fell in the same direction.
the control image showing the trees?
Well you couldn’t see the bark of the trees because the light
from behind darkens anything the light does not directly fall on.
this image you can quite clearly see the front on the astronaut and the
moon buggy. With the shadow
that is displayed we shouldn’t be able to see any part of the astronaut
this image you can see that because of the bright light source, which
should be the sun, you cannot make out any detail of the rocks.
But look at the astronaut, why can the supposedly dark side of him
be seen? Also does his shadow
fall slightly in a different direction?
is an image of Buzz Aldrin setting up a Solar Wind experiment.
Because of the light source Aldrin’s back is in darkness, this is
a common trait we should see in all of the moon exploration photographs,
but we don’t.
again is a picture of “Buzz” Aldrin taken by Neil Armstrong. By
looking at the reflection you can see the Lunar Module and Neil Armstrong
taking the photo. What is the
white light just to the left of Neil Armstrong?
NASA has stated that this light is the American flag.
is another image of the television broadcast.
Most of the black & white images released by NASA bear the same
poor quality, yet all the colour pictures are perfect in their detail and
sharpness. Throughout the
period in question, the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, technology was
such that only black & white photographs could be developed to a
higher resolution and give a sharper picture.
The technology did not advance to this stage for colour photography
until the 1980’s. Why are
all of the colour images better than the black & white images?
De Nostradame, the famous poet, who wrote many prophecies.
These prophecies are split into four line riddles called Quatrains.
Throughout his latter life Nostradamus wrote many predictions, some
of which have come true with astounding accuracy.
His Quatrains were published in a book called The
Centuries. He split his
prophecies into centuries, 12 in all, containing more that 100 quatrains
what has Nostradamus got to do with whether the Lunar Landings were faked?
Well in Century IX of his works, quatrain LXV reads: -
le coing de Luna viendra rendre,
Où sera prins & mis en terre étrange.
Les fruicts immúrs seront à grand esclandre,
Grand vitupère, à l'un grande lounange.
will come to travel to the Corner of the lunar,
Where he will be captured and put into a strange land.
The unripe fruits to be subjects of great scandal,
Great blame, to one great praise.
quatrain can be interpreted in the following way. This is only my opinion of the way the quatrain should be
read, you should draw your own conclusion.
will come to travel to the corner of the Lunar,
being the astronauts, will travel to the moon.
he will be captured and put into strange land,
believe that the strange lands to be Television as it was still a
new invention back in the 60’s, the captured referring to the
recording of cameras, captured on film?
unripe fruits to be subject of great scandal
referring to the possibility of the fake lunar landings.
blame, to one great praise
whoever is covering up the faked landings and great praise to the
US government getting to the moon first.
Nostradamus has predicted many things with alarming accuracy, a lot of his
quatrains are just verses of poetry and don’t prove anything at all.
Was century XI, quatrain LXV one of these or can it be proven.
Only NASA hold the answer.
did we not go to the moon for nearly 30 years?
are a number of theory’s why man hasn’t stepped foot on the moon in
nearly 30 years. Some say
that there is an Alien base or something left behind by Aliens on the far
side of the moon. As we can
only see the far side of the moon from pictures taken by satellites then
the question of authenticity can arise on the images available. There are
hardly any pictures of the far side of the moon available.
Why is this. Is a
cover-up in operation are there genuinely no pictures available?
THE FAR SIDE OF THE MOON - TAKEN BY
RUSSIAN LUNAR 3 MODULE
most common answer given out by NASA is that their funding was cut by the
American Government. But why
would the government cut the funding?
What else did the US need money for.
Maybe be money was needed to make Nuclear warheads to fight and
intimidate Russia during the Cold War.
This would explain why moon exploration has started up again within
the last 10 years or so.
As I said in my introduction the Clementine Orbiter was launched in
1994 to make detailed maps of the moons surface.
Full copies of which can be purchased on 15 CD-ROM’s for $150 if
you are interested.
the moment as you probably already know, all three spacial governing
bodies (NASA Russia and ESA) are all developing a space station that is
orbiting the Earth. The
station is under construction and with regular missions into space be
carried out the completion of the station can not be to far away now.
With the people who are for this idea, there are the people who
can’t understand why it is being carried out.
They say that it would be more logical for a station to be built on
the moon. I would have to
agree with them. If a
structure was built on the moon then more detailed surveys of the moon’s
surface could be carried out. Also
rockets could be launched from the moon to save money from launching from
Earth as the 48,000 mile per hour would not need to be reached as the moon
has no atmosphere.
1997 the Lunar Prospector was launched to investigate the moon ice caps.
The vessel cost a staggering $65 million to build and launch.
So far it has found that the ice caps on the moon are trapped
beneath the surface at the north and south pole of the moon.
The ideas are that future astronauts could stay on the surface on
the moon longer by using the ice by melting it down to drink.
Also if it was split into it separate elements then maybe the
astronaut could breathe the oxygen given off by the process.
ever happens with the future of space exploration things can only get
better. Commercial flights
are planned for 2003 and then maybe man will really step foot on the moon.
Facts about the Moon
moon is 238.080 miles from Earth
takes 27.3 days to orbit the Earth
is 1/49 if the Earth’s volume,
gravitational pull is 1/6 of that of the Earth’s
is 1/81 of the Earth’s mass
moon does not emit its own light source, it is just a reflection
from the Sun
of the orbits of the Earth and the Moon, we have never seen the
“Dark Side” of the moons surface
sound can be heard on the moon
Apollo astronauts have set foot on the moon spending a total of 166
hours on the surface.
moon is slightly smaller than the width of Australia.
I started this assignment I believed 100 per cent that the moon landings
were real. Now the assignment
is complete I’m not so sure any more, I don’t know what the true
answer or what really happened. But
there are too many ‘weird’ things that can be identified on further
analysis of the images released by NASA.
one final question remains.
would NASA go to so much trouble to fake the moon landings?
© Peter Priday, No material must be
republished without prior consent of the author.
This assignment was part of my Year 1, Semester 1 study at university and
was graded with 72% (And how easy was that!